My 17 year old son made an amazing gut-healthy pie last week.  It was so good (he has promised another) that not a crumb was left.  We all had a piece, and then I declared that we might as well finish it all, since it was so amazing.  My son will be attending a Baking and Pastry Arts program this fall, because he loves baking, but the good news is that this was REALLY EASY, so anyone can make it.  Sebastian loves working with whatever ingredients are on hand, so as soon as he saw the huge bag of cherries I came home with he was inspired to make a pie.

Sebastian used my favourite pie crust recipe from Elana's Pantry.  It only has 4 ingredients making it the easiest pie crust ever.  The dough just gets pressed into the pie plate, so no rolling required.  Can't eat eggs?  Replace the egg in this recipe with a gelatin egg.

Then he made a simple, delicious 4 ingredient filling.  


2 pounds fresh cherries
1/2 cup honey
1 Tbsp lemon juice
2 Tbsp tapioca flour

Wash and pit the cherries.  Mix the tapioca flour with the lemon juice.  You can add a bit of water if it's not enough fluid.  Put all the ingredients into a saucepan over medium heat.  Stir continually until the mixture thickens (5-10 minutes).  Allow to cool and pour the cherry filling into a baked pie crust.  Refrigerate until set (if you can wait that long) and enjoy!

Visit your local farmer's market this weekend to get amazing cherries.  Let me know what you think of Sebastian's Cherry Pie.  What are your favourite pie fillings?  Saskatoons?  Peaches?  It's that time of year for a lot of great pie making.

Happy, Healthy Baking!

PS:  I made the crust with a "gelatin egg", and used blueberries for the filling and it was just as good!


I'm starting to get ready for our trip to Windermere and thought I'd share some of the snacks I pack for a road trip.  For longer trips we will usually plan a stop somewhere along the route for a meal, but this trip is a shorter one, so won't require a stop.  

If you are doing a longer trip, it's helpful to take a few minutes to plan where you will stop, since eating a gut-healthy meal does require a bit of advanced planning.  Traditional diners usually work well, because it's pretty easy to get an omelette or a steak and salad (ask for olive oil and lemon for your dressing).  Franchised restaurants don't tend to work well, since much of their menu is prepared, frozen and shipped to restaurants, which makes it very difficult for restaurants to customize your order.  Start by choosing a town that you anticipate reaching at lunch or dinner time.  Do an online search for gluten-free menus.  Once you find restaurants that accommodate for gluten, it's pretty easy to customize to gut-healthy from there.

Some other gut-healthy meal ideas are:
Italian - order a chicken, fish or meat dish that is baked or grilled (not breaded).  Ask for extra vegetables instead of pasta or rice.
Mexican - grilled meat and vegetables without the tortilla.  Ask for vegetables to dip in guacamole.
Burgers - call ahead to find out if they use fillers in their burgers.  If not, then you are good to go.  Order a burger without the bun, or ask them to wrap it in lettuce for you.   Add a side salad.
Japanese - sashimi and seaweed salad.  Make sure the salad doesn't include soy sauce.

Regardless of whether or not you stop for a meal, some snacks are always important to have along, especially if you have kids in the car.  It's almost impossible to grab a gut-healthy snack at a gas station, so a little bit of planning goes a long way to making a road trip enjoyable.  

This year, I'm packing some homemade crackers:  flax seed crackers and a sweet chocolate almond flour cracker, both of which were made in my dehydrator.  As you'll see, a dehydrator can be invaluable for road trips.  Other snacks I made in my dehydrator are beef jerky and kale chips.  Before we leave I'll get some fresh fruit and veg, and some nitrate-free sandwich meat and salami to go with those crackers.  Two of my kids love seaweed, so I'll also have some Seaweed Snax on hand, and we'll be trying out some plantain chips I got at Blushlane.  I'm hoping we'll see fresh fruit vendors somewhere along the way as well, but this is the first time I'm making this trip since I was a teenager (that was a few decades ago), so I'm packing fruit to be on the safe side.  Additionally we'll have some nuts and seeds on hand, and we'll have extra water on board.  Some bottles of kombucha will round things out nicely.  I always end up packing more than we need, but on those few occasions when we've been delayed it has been great to have food on hand, especially for the kids.

Here are my dehydrator snacks, plus a couple of items from the store.

Here are my dehydrator snacks, plus a couple of items from the store.

What do you pack on your road trips?
What do you end up grabbing on the road if you don't pack snacks?

Happy Healthy Snacking!





Cold soups don't have a lot of appeal most days of the year, especially living in Canada, but on those days where it's sweltering hot, nothing beats a cold soup.  In Calgary, we had some of those sweltering days last week, and a few more are expected in the coming days, so cold soup will be a welcome treat.  The best part is that Cucumber Soup only requires a blender to prepare, so in addition to being a tasty, cool meal, it is incredibly easy to make.

I have a simple Basic Cucumber Soup recipe, and then you can choose from any of the following variations, or create your own.  These recipes are gut-healthy, Paleo, and can easily be adapted to a Keto diet, by adding more olive oil.  Serves 4.

Have you made a cold soup before?  Has soup making ever been this easy?

Happy, Healthy Eating!


Basic Cuke Soup

2 English cucumbers, chopped
1 ripe avocado, pitted, peeled and chopped
1/4 cup extra virgin olive oil
1 small clove of garlic
1 teaspoon sea salt or Himalayan salt

Place all the ingredients in a blender and blend until creamy.  Add water if needed to create a thinner consistency.

cuke soup lemon herb2.JPG

Herb & Lemon Soup

Juice from a lemon
Handful each of fresh dill, and oregano (or your favourite fresh herbs)

Add these two ingredients into the basic soup and blend on high-speed until the herbs are chopped.  If you like an intense lemon flavour, add the zest from the lemon a well.

Green Curry Soup

Juice from 3 limes
3 handfuls fresh mint
1 heaping tablespoon green curry paste
dash of your favourite hot sauce (optional)

Add the first 3 ingredients into the basic soup and blend on high-speed until the herbs are chopped. Sprinkle in a bit of hot sauce to taste.

Sweet Green Goddess

3 pears, chopped and seeded
3 handfuls fresh mint

Add these two ingredients into the basic soup and blend on high-speed until the herbs are chopped.  The pears might seem like an unusual addition for soup, but they make this soup very refreshing on a hot day.


Ever wonder if you are going to get a dreaded disease that you have a family history of?  That was the case for me with Parkinson's disease.  My grandfather had Parkinson's, and sometimes I wondered if I had the same genetic markers that predisposed my grandpa to getting the disease. About a month ago I got an email from 23andme letting me know that they were going to be changing their website, and that if I wanted access to locked genetic information, I would have to access it before those changes came.  The locked information included genetic markers for Parkinson's, Alzheimer's and breast cancer.  I had previously decided to keep that information locked, because I know that diet, exercise and stress management are key factors involved in gene expression.  As a nutritional consultant I'm pretty confident that my diet is good, I exercise regularly, and while my life can be pretty stressful, I do have regular practices that I use to manage it.  

I changed my mind though when I realized I would lose access to that information.  I gave a huge sigh of relief when I found out that I don't have any of the known Parkinson's markers, but was surprised to find that I have the APOE 4 gene.  APOE 4 carriers are prone to high LDL cholesterol and Alzheimer's.  The reason the E4 variation is associated with higher risk for high LDL is because the Apolipoprotein E (the protein produced by the gene) binds with VLDL, which reduces the clearance of LDL from the blood, resulting in higher blood levels of LDL.  Ideally you want low LDL, so having a genetic variation that predisposes you to higher LDL increases your risk for certain diseases, such as cardiovascular disease.  The connection between APOE 4 and Alzheimer's is not well understood at this time.


1. Known risk factors:
There are many known risk factors for Alzheimer's including family history, having the APOE 4 gene, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, diabetes, obesity, stroke, depression, smoking and traumatic brain injury (Source).  
Besides the genetic marker, I have no other risk factors for Alzheimer's.  A good reason not to worry.

2.  A healthy gut microbiome:
Research into the area of the microbiota-gut-brain axis has exploded in recent years, and includes the effects of the microbiome on Alzheimer's (Source).  Since my area of specialization as a nutritional consultant is teaching people how to eat to support a healthy microbiome, I feel pretty confident that I'm addressing my microbiome.  I eat a Paleo, gut-healthy diet that includes animal proteins, lots of vegetables, some fruit, healthy fats like fats from grass-fed animals, coconut oil and olive oil, as well as some nuts and seeds, and fermented foods.  

3.  Occasional ketosis as prevention:
A 2008 study showed that glucose transport across the blood brain barrier is impaired in an Alzheimer's brain (Source).  When brain cells are deprived of glucose they need another fuel source, which can be obtained from ketone bodies.  There are different ways for the brain to get ketones.  One is to eat a very low carbohydrate, moderate protein, high fat diet (also known as a ketogenic diet), which will cause your body to shift from glucose metabolism to fat metabolism.  When you metabolize fat, you start producing ketones, which are a great fuel for brain cells.  The other way is to supplement with medium chain triglycerides (MCTs), which rapidly get metabolized into ketones. A double blind, placebo controlled study has shown that MCT supplementation improves memory in Alzheimer's patients (Source).  It's important to note that no dietary changes were made in the study, but that the changes happened with supplementation alone.

A ketogenic diet that is high in saturated fat could be problematic for someone like me who has the APOE 4 gene variation.  I never recommend a diet low in fats, but at the same time I don't necessarily want to eat a high fat diet if I can't metabolize fats well. I decided on a modified ketogenic diet with MCT supplementation.  Right now I'm eating a very low-carbohydrate diet, moderate protein, moderate fat with the addition of MCT oil supplementation daily.

My long-term plan is to go back to a Paleo, gut-healthy diet, with occasional periods of ketosis.  Some of those periods might look like the one I'm in right now that uses a modified ketogenic diet, but some of those periods might be a 3-4 day fast, which also induces ketosis.

Have you considered a preventative approach to your brain health?  Have you reversed symptoms of a neurological condition using diet?  What has worked for you? Or what hasn't?

Happy, Healthy Eating!



As I write this, I'm about a week into a ketogenic diet (I'll explain why in next week's blog).  I'm doing a modified or low-ketogenic version of the diet, because it allows me to keep the nutrient density high in terms of micronutrients like vitamins, minerals, antioxidants, and other phytochemicals.  Historically a ketogenic diet has been used to manage epilepsy, but now studies are revealing a significant reduction in symptoms of Alzheimer's (on a modified ketogenic diet), and David Perlmutter recently discussed promising new research showing a reduction in Parkinson's symptoms (watch here).  The use of a ketogenic diet or a modified version of the diet has significant implications for neurological conditions.

Here's a brief outline of what my meals look like:

Water with electrolytes:  I drink a huge glass of warm water with some added electrolytes when I wake up.  The added electrolytes help me transition into a ketogenic diet without common side effects.  I also drink this between meals.  I like to use ConcenTrace, a liquid ionic mineral supplement.  I won't always need to add electrolytes - it's just to help get my body through the transition of using glucose, to using ketones as my primary fuel source.

Fat Bomb Latte:  I drink a large Fat Bomb Latte an hour or two after waking. (see recipe below)

Lunch:  A combination of 3 cups of vegetables like leafy greens, cruciferous vegetables (broccoli, cauliflower, brussel sprouts...) or other low-carb vegetables, like celery, cucumber, asparagus, or zucchini.  Grass-fed animal protein like a chicken drumstick, a hamburger patty, a couple of eggs or any other meat (I love liver, so often have it at lunch).  Then I add a few tablespoons of fat that include MCT or coconut oil.  My current favourite is asparagus (which is seasonal right now) drenched in grass-fed butter.

Dinner:  Very similar to lunch except that I have a carb-up, which means that I have a small serving of a carb-rich vegetable like beets, carrots or winter squash, or some berries.  These foods provide a small amount of carbs, but also allow me to get a variety of nutrients and antioxidants that might otherwise be lacking in a ketogenic diet.  An evening carb-up can also help mitigate some of the side effects that some people experience on a ketogenic diet, and many people find they sleep better with the addition of a carb-up.

MCT Oil:  Since I am doing a modified or low-ketogenic diet I make sure to include some medium-chain triglyceride oil (MCT oil) with each meal.  MCTs are able to enhance ketone production.  MCT oil is easily absorbed and doesn't require bile or pancreatic enzymes, so anyone suffering from digestive issues or compromised digestion can still absorb MCTs.  Once absorbed, these fatty acids easily cross into cell mitochondria where they are metabolized and form ketones.  The best food sources of ketones are coconut and palm oils.  Grass-fed butter also has some MCTs but lower amounts than the coconut and palm oils.  You can also purchase a supplemental version of MCT oil, which is what I use in my Fat Bomb Lattes.

The two main meals above don't look that different from a gut-healthy, Paleo diet except that they are higher in fat.  The main difference is that I've replaced breakfast with a Fat Bomb Latte.  It's possible to skip breakfast completely, so that you have a longer fasting period (through the night and later into the day), but I like to spread my fat consumption out a bit, and it's nice to start the morning with a hot, comforting drink.  If you are familiar with Dave Asprey's Bulletproof coffee (coffee with grass-fed butter and MCT oil), then these lattes are a bit like that.

Fat Bomb Latte.JPG


I love cacao butter, because it provides a rich creaminess that has the flavour of white chocolate, so this latte recipe uses cacao butter.  

2 cups almond or coconut milk
2-3 tbsp raw cacao butter (approximate)
1 tbsp MCT oil
2 teaspoons Spice Blend such as Smooth-y-Golden Milk Spice Blend or Sweet Delight Spice Blend
1 scoop of collagen powder (about 1 1/2 tbsp)
1-2 teaspoons of monk fruit (low-carb sweetener)

Put the almond or coconut milk, raw cacao butter and spice blend into a small saucepan and heat until the cacao butter has melted.  Pour the mixture into a high-speed blender and add the remaining ingredients.  Blend on high speed until the mixture is frothy.  Pour into a large mug and enjoy.  The monk fruit is optional, but I find adding it helps bring the flavour of the spices out.

What is your favourite fat bomb drink?
Add cacao butter, and MCT or coconut oil to your shopping list.  Buy or make your own Spice Blend.  Start experimenting, and then let me know if you come up with a good recipe.

Happy, Healthy Eating!



Every year I plant a small vegetable garden, as well as fill several large planter pots with herbs.  We have a small backyard, so it's not much of a vegetable garden in terms of size, but each family member's favourite vegetable gets planted, a variety of leafy greens go in, and then there is a bit of space for experimentation.  This year's experiment is peppers.  Last year's was cauliflower, and they were so big and beautiful that I'm planting them again.

Last year I had several beautiful, enormous heads of cauliflower in my small garden.

Last year I had several beautiful, enormous heads of cauliflower in my small garden.

There are so many benefits to growing your own food, with organic and fresh picked being at the top.  Nothing rivals the taste of a sun-warmed tomato fresh from the vine, or pulling a carrot straight out of the soil and biting into its crispy flesh.  But there are other important reasons to consider gardening.

When you pull that carrot straight from your garden and give it a quick wash, some of the soil microbes are still on that carrot.  Adding soil-based organisms to your gut increases the microbial diversity of your own gut microbiome, and greater diversity is associated with greater health.  Each plant has its own microbiome, but when vegetables get picked and power washed in preparation for store shelves, that microbiome gets washed away.  Exceptions would include things like cabbage, where the leaves are tightly packed and water doesn't get past the outer layer of leaves, leaving the microbes inside the cabbage safe and sound.  To maximize your own gut microbial diversity, you want to ingest both the microbes from the plants and from the soil they grow in.  I should point out that you want to be growing in soil that hasn't had chemicals sprayed on it.

Jeff Leach, who cofounded the American Gut Project,  has studied the Hadza population in Africa, specifically in relation to their gut microbiomes.  Jeff believes that high fibre content is one of the contributing factors to the Hadza's microbial diversity (Source).  The fibre in vegetables from your garden feed all those great organisms, ensuring that they can thrive.

Gardening can be a great way to take your mind off daily stressors.  Regular watering and pulling the occasional weed might just be what your busy brain needs to switch gears at the end of a hectic day.  The initial stage of gardening requires some effort.  You might add compost, organic fertilizer or other nutrients to create good soil, and then you have to plant your seeds or plantings.  However, once that has been done, then all your garden asks of you is watering and weeding.  It can be incredibly calming and rewarding to take a few moments each day or two to provide your garden with the water it needs, pull a few errant weeds, and to witness shoots emerging from the earth and eventually flourishing to a full sized plant that bears edible roots, leaves or fruits.

Planting a garden is a great thing for parents and children to do together, or for grandparents to do with grandchildren.  Not only does it teach a young child where the food that they eat comes from, but it is an opportunity to spend meaningful time together.  

Other opportunities for connection include involvement in a community garden or a CSA(Community Supported Agriculture).  While having a share in a CSA doesn't actually involve you spending time in the garden, it is a great way to connect with your local farmers.  Having a share typically means that each week you meet with a farmer at a designated drop off location (often a farmer's market) to pick up your share of the harvest.

Whether you grow your own food, spend time with loved ones while gardening, or connect with local growers, one of the best ways to connect with loved ones is by sharing a meal made with fresh, local ingredients.  Preparing a meal with fresh, local ingredients is a great way to show your love for friends and family - it nourishes bodies and nourishes connections.  I like nothing better than a potluck with friends or family where everyone has contributed a wholesome dish to share.

Grounding refers to skin contact with the surface of the earth.  Walking barefoot and gardening are great ways to get that contact with the earth.  I like to do my gardening barefoot, which means my feet are always dirty, but I always feel like I've been emotionally restored after time spent barefoot on the grass or in the dirt.  

The basic idea behind grounding is that the negative ions from the earth counteract positive electrons in the form of free radicals. Free radicals are a normally occurring metabolic product in our bodies, but in high numbers they damage body tissue and contribute to aging, so having strategies to counteract their effects is important to good health.

Research shows that grounding has a positive effect in reducing inflammation and supporting wound healing. (Source)


Stop by a garden store and pick up some plants or seeds to start your own vegetable or herb garden.  Prepare to get your hands and feet dirty.
At the end of the summer, enjoy amazing food that you grew, and that is adding diversity to your gut microbiome.

What is your favourite thing to grow?

Happy, Healthy Gardening!



I don't normally write about a specific product, but I was so excited by these chips during a recent trip I took last week to San Diego that I had to share.

Sometimes being on a Paleo, gut-healthy diet is tough.  You can only eat at higher-end restaurants (which I'm not really complaining about, but it does limit your options), you often have to ask for substitutions when eating out, and you inevitably need to spend some time in your own kitchen (which is great if you like to cook, not so great if you don't like to cook).  One of my biggest frustrations is finding great products when I travel to the States, but not being able to get them locally.  I've written about this before.

So there I was perusing the aisles of Whole Foods in San Diego, and getting some Primal Kitchens Mayo, and some Epic bars - there were even amazing Paleo choices at their cafeteria style buffet where I loaded up a container for lunch one day - when I saw Grain Free Tortilla Chips.  I immediately grabbed a couple of bags and threw them into our cart.  These chips are produced by Siete, which is a family owned company that started supporting Veronica, a family member suffering from multiple autoimmune conditions, by creating grain-free tortillas and chips.  These are AMAZING!  In fact I would go so far as to say that these are better than any tortilla chip I've ever eaten.  Made from cassava flour, avocado oil, coconut flour, ground chia seed and sea salt, these chips rival the best with their crunch and flavour.

So next time you are visiting the States, leave room in your suitcase for a few bags of tortilla chips.  I even brought a bag back for my young son, who has the most sensitive of guts, and he LOVES them, and hasn't had any tummy troubles.  He was pretty excited to be able to eat a chip again.  I won't lie - I went through 4 bags in the 5 days we were on our trip.  Probably not the healthiest thing to do (still a processed food), but like I said sometimes eating this way is tough, and it was an indulgence that I didn't feel guilty about.

Want to see more products like this on local store shelves?
Talk to the customer service staff at your local health food store and inquire.  If there is enough demand, they'll start bringing in more products.  I'm trying to set up a meeting with SPUD to see if they are willing to carry more Paleo goods.
You are your strongest advocate, so if you want to see more Paleo products on store shelves, then let the store you shop at know.

Happy, Healthy Eating (and Shopping)!



Do you ever buy something at the grocery store not really knowing what you are going to do with it?  I've done this with Tigernut butter, Tigernut flour and Tigernuts.  Once I get home, I start searching for recipes online, and then start trying different things out.  The trouble is that I haven't found anything I like that uses Tigernuts.

Soaked Tigernuts over raspberries.

Soaked Tigernuts over raspberries.

Tigernuts aren't actually a nut.  They are a small tuber, just like potatoes, sweet potatoes, yams and cassava.  They have a sweet nutty taste, and can be a great alternative to nuts for people who have allergies or sensitivities to nuts, or who are on an autoimmune protocol.  Tigernuts are high in fibre, and are a good source of monounsaturated fats.  There are many claims that they are also high in resistant starches, but I haven't seen research supporting that claim.  Other raw tubers are high in resistant starches though, so it would make sense that this one is as well. Tigernuts are dehydrated to make them shelf-stable, and the end result looks a bit like a tiny dried wild mountain fig.  These little tubers have been embraced by the Paleo and Autoimmune communities.  I suspect that they are not SCD or GAPS compliant, due to the fact that other tubers aren't allowed on these protocols, and the high fibre content could be irritating to the gut lining.

AIP Eat More Bars

AIP Eat More Bars


I keep trying to find a recipe I like.  Here's my experience to date:
1.  Flour:  I tried a variety of pancake recipes, but they all seemed gooey on the inside and burnt on the outside.
2.  Whole:  I tried using the dried Tigernuts the same way I would use nuts.  I made AIP Eat More Bars, which are a sweet treat, but I find the Tigernuts to be too hard and fibrous to be enjoyable.  Then I decided to try soaking them, and put them over a bowl of berries - still too hard and fibrous to be enjoyable.  
3.  Tigernut Milk:  I haven't actually tried making this, because I know from past experience (and a bit of research to confirm) how labour intensive milks are to make, and then you have the pulp to deal with.  Dehydrated pulp makes a mediocre flour that is gritty.
4.  Tigernut Spread:  This is very similar to any other nut butter.  To date it's my favourite way to eat Tigernuts.  It's good on celery sticks or for dipping fruit into.

Have you had similar troubles with finding a way to enjoy a food?  Kale?  Liver?
Do you have a Tigernut recipe that you really enjoy?  If you do, please share!

Happy, Healthy Eating!


Ever done an online search and had a hard time finding the information you needed?  A couple of months ago I started wondering if erythritol would be a safe sugar alcohol to use in a gut-healthy diet, and I've had a hard time finding relevant research.  My interest in this sweetener started when I realized it was the preferred sweetener used by people on ketogenic diets. After plugging away at it for a while I'm starting to find what I was looking for.

Erythritol is a sweetener that is used in many low carbohydrate and low calorie products, and it's considered to be diabetes friendly.  Erythritol is a sugar alcohol, which puts it in the same category as other sweeteners such as mannitol, sorbitol and xylitol.  These can all be found in our food supply as sugar replacements in sugar-free foods such as sugar-free gum, chocolates, flavoured drinks, candies, jams, protein bars and packaged goods.  Swerve is one of the common brands you'll find on store shelves, and is the brand recommended by many ketogenic diet cookbooks.  Swerve has the benefit of being non-GMO (genetically modified organisms), which makes it a better choice than many erythritol sources that are GMO.

At first glance it looks like a great product:  low calorie, doesn't affect blood sugar levels, doesn't contribute to tooth decay, and very little makes its way to the large intestine, so it can't feed organisms like Candida.

THE GUT PERSPECTIVE:  Is Erythritol Gut-Healthy?

Many people experience digestive symptoms such as gas, bloating and diarrhea when consuming sugar alcohols, but erythritol is often used specifically because it causes less digestive upset than other sugar alcohols, and is often well tolerated.

One study found that "consumption of 20 and 35 g erythritol by healthy volunteers, in a liquid, is tolerated well, without any symptoms. At the highest level of erythritol intake (50 g), only a significant increase in borborygmi and nausea was observed..."

I think the key words in that quote are "healthy volunteers".  If you are already experiencing digestive symptoms, then adding erythritol into the mix can make things worse.  Erythritol and other sugar alcohols are also known as polyols.  Polyols are usually associated with FODMAPs (Fermentable oligosaccharides, disaccharides, monosaccharides and polyols), which are known to be problematic for people who suffer from IBS (irritable bowel syndrome) and SIBO (small intestinal bacterial overgrowth).  So if you suffer from IBS, SIBO or are having a lot of unexplained  digestive symptoms such as gas and bloating, then erythritol should NOT be a part of your diet.


Gut-healthy sweeteners include honey, and dried fruit, and if you are trying to stay really low-carb then see how you tolerate monk fruit (also known as Luo Han Guo).  All of these should be used in moderation, and if they contribute to your digestive issues then they should be avoided. Sweeteners can be really problematic if you have IBS, SIBO or digestive symptoms so use caution, and figure out what works best for you.

I also added a bit of vanilla powder the these.  YUM!

I also added a bit of vanilla powder the these.  YUM!

Try mixing up 1 cup of softened butter or coconut oil with 1/2 cup of honey.  Place dollops of this mixture on a lined baking sheet and put it into the freezer.  I call these treats Freezer Candy, and it is an indulgence to let one melt on your tongue.

What has your experience with erythritol been?

Happy, Healthy Eating!


These scones incorporate the traditional flavours of a Hot Cross Bun, but in a gut-healthy version.  Made with almond flour, these scones have healthy fats and are packed with minerals.  

3 cups almond flour
½ tsp. salt
1 tsp. baking soda (aluminum free)
1 tsp. Cassia/Sri Lankan cinnamon
1/8 tsp. nutmeg
3 eggs
¼ cup honey
½ cup currants or raisins
Zest from one orange

Place the dry ingredients into a large mixing bowl and stir together.
Add beaten eggs and honey to the dry mixture
Add currants and zest and mix well.
Drop roughly ¼ cup sized spoonfuls onto a baking sheet lined with parchment paper.
Bake at 350 degrees for 12-15 minutes or until golden brown.
Makes 1 dozen scones. Serve these fresh from the oven with butter.

What's your favourite Easter treat?
Do a quick on-line search to see if you can find a Paleo, gut-healthy version.

Happy, Healthy Easter!






Ever heard of resistant starches?  Not many people have, but they can be an important part of a gut-healthy diet.  Most people can benefit from adding some resistant starches to their diet.

Resistant starch is starch that doesn't digest in the small intestine.  It is resistant to digestion.  Since it doesn't digest in the small intestine, it continues along the GI tract to the large intestine where it has beneficial effects.  In the large intestine, the resistant starch provides a food source for the beneficial species of the microbiome.  When these species metabolize the starches a very important end-product results - short chain fatty acids.  Butyrate is one of those short chain fatty acids, and it is the preferred fuel for the cells lining the large intestine.   So by eating resistant starch you end up with two important things:  a happy microbiome and happy intestinal cells.

Plantain Pancakes:  these are simple and tasty whether they are made with or without eggs!

Plantain Pancakes:  these are simple and tasty whether they are made with or without eggs!


Raw potatoes
Cooked and cooled potatoes
Potato and tapioca starch
Green bananas
Cooked, cold white rice


The problem with some of the resistant starch sources, is that they aren't very yummy.  I don't know about you, but raw potatoes or green bananas aren't among the foods I like to eat.  Potato and tapioca starch can be used in some gut-healthy, Paleo baking (once the baked item has cooled), and some people mix unmodified potato starch into a glass of water, but there are much tastier ways to get resistant starches.  Here are my two favourites:

Plantain Pancakes

2 plantains
1 egg (optional)
coconut oil, ghee or butter for frying

Blend the plantains and the egg in a blender or food processor until creamy.  If you can't eat eggs, then omit the egg and just puree the plantain.  Heat oil in a ceramic or cast-iron frying pan over medium heat. Place a heaping tablespoon of puree  in the pan and spread into a 3-4 inch circle using the back of a spoon.  Cook until both sides are golden brown.  Easiest pancake ever.  These are great with nut butter, and leftovers are easy to pack for snacks or lunches. Makes 10-12 pancakes.

Potato Salad

2 pounds cubed, steamed or roasted potatoes that have been refrigerated
2 tablespoons Primal Kitchen Mayo
2 tablespoons chopped dill pickles or Bubbies Kosher Dill Relish
chopped green onion for garnish (optional)
season with sea salt and ground pepper to taste

Potato Salad:  a summertime favorite

Potato Salad:  a summertime favorite

Everyone has their own way of making potato salad, so go ahead and follow your favourite way.  I love Primal Kitchen Mayo, because it is the only commercially produced mayo I've found that conforms to a gut-healthy, Paleo diet.  Unfortunately it's a bit tricky to get - I have my husband get it whenever he travels to the States on business.  Using Bubbies Relish is another shortcut I like to use to cut down on preparation time.  It's available in local health food stores.
With BBQ season around the corner, potato salad is a nice addition to whatever you are throwing on the grill.  Potatoes are not normally part of a gut-healthy protocol, but eaten cold they are great.


If you suffer from IBS then eating resistant starches may aggravate your condition, so use caution and avoid them if they contribute to symptoms.

So add some resistant starch sources to your grocery list, whether it's plantains or potatoes.

Do you have a recipe that uses resistant starches that you like?

Happy Healthy Eating!



With St. Patrick's Day falling on a Friday this year, you can bet that a lot of green beer will be consumed.  If green beer isn't your thing, or if you need some beneficial green foods to balance out the effects of that green beer, then I've got you covered.  I've also got a great green food that will go perfectly with that green beer.

Peach & Peashoot Smoothie

2 large peaches or 2 cups frozen peaches
2 cups pea shoots
2 cups water
¼ teaspoon cinnamon
1 tablespoon coconut oil or MCT oil (optional)

Blend all the ingredients in a high-speed blender (such as a Vitamix or Nutri-bullet).  Drink this before heading to the bar, or the next morning.

Cream of Cucumber Soup
(Raw Food Made Easy for 1 or 2 people by Jennifer Cornbleet)

1 ½ cups chopped romaine lettuce
1 cucumber, peeled, seeded and chopped
½ cup water
1 tablespoon freshly squeezed lemon juice
½ teaspoon salt
½ teaspoon crushed garlic
½ avocado, chopped
2 teaspoons extra-virgin olive oil
1 tablespoon minced fresh herbs (dill, mint, tarragon, cilantro) or one teaspoon dried

Put the lettuce, cucumber, water, lemon juice, garlic, and salt in a blender and process on medium speed until smooth.  Add the avocado and oil and process until smooth.  Add the herbs and process just to mix.  Store in a sealed container in the refrigerator, this soup will keep for 2 days.

Throw this into a mason jar and have it for lunch on Friday.

Guacamole Cheat

2-3 ripe avocados
sugar-free salsa
fresh lime juice (optional)

I have to admit I hate chopping food, so this cheat lets me avoid chopping.  Mash up the ripe avocados, mix in salsa to taste (and squeeze in some lime juice if using) and you are done.  Avocados are incredibly nutrient dense, and have healthy fats.  I like to eat mine with flax seed crackers, but it's so good I'll eat it with a spoon.

Happy, Healthy Eating!
(PS - beer isn't really part of a gut healthy diet, so if you are going to indulge try to at least get a gluten-free beer.)



Ever made a dash out the door without your Paleo grub and not been able to find good food?  Ever been in an airport searching for something Paleo to eat?  Ever wonder how to survive a gut-healthy, Paleo style of eating on the go?

I just returned from a ski trip to Idaho, and it was a reminder of how far behind the Canadian market is in supplying Paleo foods that are easy and convenient.  I was in a small town called Ketchum, and was pleasantly surprised to be able to get Paleo granola, and crackers at its local grocery store.   It was so nice to be able to buy these without making a special trip.  I had anticipated having to travel into a larger town that had a health food store.  It was such a relief not to have to do that.

Sometimes it's frustrating and time consuming to manage a Paleo, gut-healthy diet, but here are a few things I do to make it easier:

1.  Jugo Juice - a kale smoothie from Jugo Juice is a great on-the-go option.  On this trip I was thrilled to enter the new terminal at the Calgary airport and find a Jugo Juice open in the early morning hours.  I don't like cold drinks, so I ask them to make it without ice.  It's still cold, but not brain-freeze cold.  If you have a juice or smoothie bar near your work or home that uses fresh, organic ingredients, even better.

2.  Paleo baking - having some almond or coconut flour muffins made and in your freezer is a great on-the-go snack to have handy.  Whether you didn't have time for breakfast, need an instant lunch to pack, or just need a snack to can take along with you, muffins will have you covered.  I like to make unsweetened varieties that can be made into a sandwich.  Baked goods are never an issue going through customs at airports, so for this trip my carry-on bag was full of muffins to supply us with breakfast on the plane.

3.  Seaweed Snax - the package says 'Strangely Addictive!', and indeed they are.  If you miss the crunch of a potato chip, or like a salty, crispy snack, then Seaweed Snax are a good option.  Seaweed is a great source of trace minerals, and I like that this brand uses olive oil.  These get gobbled up in our household in packed school lunches and as snacks.

Take some time this weekend to make a batch of Paleo muffins.  
What is your favourite grab-and-go Paleo food?

Happy, Healthy Eating!




Ever passed a kidney stone?  If you have, then you know the extreme pain that goes with passing a stone.  Symptoms can begin with nausea, vomiting, and can also include fever and chills.  Pain on your side and back below your ribs can be intense.  The pain can fluctuate and spread throughout the entire abdomen as the stone makes its way through the ureter (tube from the  kidney to the bladder).   Urination becomes difficult as smaller amounts are passed and the need for frequent urination increases.  Urine can become foul smelling, cloudy, and bloody, and be painful to pass.  The pain of passing a stone is often described as being worse than childbirth by people who have experienced both.  Want to avoid this?

Unfortunately, some people are more likely to form stones, so if you've already experienced the passing of a stone, or if an ultrasound has revealed that you have stones in your kidneys then you might want to take some preventative measures.

1.  Supplement with magnesium:
Kidney stones can be a sign that you are deficient in magnesium.  Magnesium is needed to remove oxalic acid from the body, but when there isn't enough magnesium to perform this function, then calcium gets used instead.  When calcium gets used then the result can be calcium oxalate stones (the most common type of stone).  Making sure your kidneys have the magnesium they need to do their job without complications is a simple preventative measure.  To get magnesium in your diet make sure to eat dark leafy greens daily.  A large salad at lunch will do, or maybe you prefer to add greens to a stir-fry.  You can also add magnesium citrate as a supplement, especially initially when you are trying to bring levels up in your body.

2.  Restore the gut microbiome:
One small study showed that the gut microbiome of kidney stone formers was different to that of people without kidney stones.  Research has also identified that the absence of Oxalobacter formigenes, a bacteria that lives in the gut, is correlated with kidney stone formation.  This species helps to break down oxalates, so when it is absent then oxalates can't get broken down and can contribute to calcium oxalate stones.  These studies tell us that gut health is compromised in individuals with kidney stones, so working to restore gut health is the next step.  Eating fermented foods that contain probiotics is an important step.  Increase you intake of unpasteurized sauerkraut and kimchi, add yogurts that contain live cultures, or add kombucha to your day.  Increasing your vegetable intake will add prebiotics to help feed the probiotics you are eating, so fill your plate with raw, roasted, steamed, pureed or sautéed vegetables.  

3.  Reduce oxalates in your diet:
A low oxalate diet is sometimes recommended to help prevent kidney stones.  The problem with this type of diet is that it can be very low in fibre and requires the removal of some nutrient dense foods.  A good compromise is to avoid some of the worst offenders such as spinach, beans (all types), rhubarb and cocoa while you work on restoring gut health.  Go easy on nuts and seeds too.  If you are increasing leafy greens to get your magnesium levels higher, just make sure that spinach isn't one of the greens.  Instead try lettuce, dino kale, mustard greens or bok choy.

4.  Drink a lot of water:
This is a bit of a no-brainer.  Keeping the kidneys flushed will help prevent stones from forming.  Make sure to stay well hydrated throughout the day by drinking filtered water or herbal teas.  Start your day with a large glass of water as soon as you get up.  If you forget to hydrate throughout the day, try setting your phone alarm to go off mid-morning and mid-afternoon to remind you to drink up what is in your water bottle or tea pot, and then make sure to refill those containers.

Add magnesium citrate, low-oxalate greens and some fermented foods to your shopping list.
Need help managing your microbiome?  I'm here to help.

Happy, Healthy Eating and Hydrating!



Do you feel guilty when you indulge in chocolate or when you enjoy your regular cup of coffee?  Good news!  These foods can be part of a gut-healthy diet.

Chocolate and coffee are both rich in polyphenols.  Polyphenols are compounds that occur naturally in foods giving them their vibrant colours, and are best recognized for their antioxidant potential.  Antioxidants are important to combat free-radical damage in the body, which are known to damage tissue and contribute to aging.  But there is growing evidence that the polyphenols in chocolate and coffee benefit our gut microbiome.

You may have read about how harmful coffee is to your health.  The reality is that most people drink too much coffee.  Coffee can make you anxious and irritable, and affect your quality of sleep.  It's addictive, and many people keep consuming it to ward off the withdrawal symptoms, which can include headache, sleepiness, irritability, and lack of concentration (just to name a few).  Coffee can also be a trigger for high blood sugar, which is then followed by an insulin spike causing blood sugar to crash, causing more cravings for coffee (or something else that will raise blood sugars back up).  Some people don't metabolize caffeine well, which explains why some people can have coffee after dinner without it affecting sleep, and others can't.  Additionally coffee can contain toxins such as acrylamide and mycotoxins.  HELP!  There are definitely a lot of reasons to keep coffee out of your diet.

But if you metabolize it well, don't get jittery, and don't develop an addiction,  you can savour a good quality cup of coffee in the morning with benefits to your gut.  If you do experience the negative affects from caffeine, then a swiss water decaf coffee allows you the pleasure and aroma of a good cup of coffee without the chemicals that go into traditional decaffeination methods.  Dave Asprey's Bulletproof coffee has a very low mycotoxin level, and is quality controlled to ensure these low levels.  There is also a swiss water decaf variety available.   

Chocolate on it's own has great health benefits, and is a rich source of minerals, especially magnesium.  The problem is the sugar!  If you've ever decided to sample some 100% baker's chocolate, you probably won't do it again.  Without the sugar, it's not great stuff.  You may already have noticed that health resources always talk about the benefits of dark chocolate.  Dark chocolate has less sugar and a greater percentage of cacao.  It's that combination that is needed to get the health benefits.  My favourite chocolates are those that use honey instead of other sugars.  Honey is often tolerated well by people with gut associated health conditions.  Two great brands made with honey include jkgourmet and Heavenly Organics.  I like to make my own using cacao paste, cocao butter and honey - that way I can add in whatever nuts, seeds or dried fruit I feel like.

So rejoice, and indulge in good quality coffee and chocolate with the knowledge that it will make both you and your microbiome happy.

Happy, Healthy Eating!




Do you crave a hot steaming bowl of porridge on these cold wintery days?  There is nothing quite like the comfort of a hot creamy breakfast bowl when it's snowy and sub-zero outside.  How do you create a comforting hot steaming bowl of yumminess on a gut-healthy diet?


I don't actually use pumpkin to make this, but you could.  The taste is just like pumpkin pie for breakfast.  Serves 2.

4 cups cubed butternut squash (approximately 1 medium squash)
1/2 cup of water (I like to use the water I steamed the squash with)
2 tablespoons butter, ghee or coconut oil
2 tablespoons honey
1 teaspoon ground cinnamon
1/4 teaspoon each of ground cloves and ground nutmeg

Place the cubed squash into a steamer, and cook until soft.  Place all ingredients into a blender and blend on high speed until a creamy smooth consistency is reached.  You may need to add more water.
Optional:  top with raisins and/or walnuts

I love the combination of flavours in this apple sauce variation.  This recipe has been through several transformations, and the latest addition is the lemon zest, which balances the flavours beautifully.  I like to jar this and give it as gifts.  Serves 3-4.

4 large tart apples (I use Honey-crisp apples)
1 cup ground almonds
1/2 cup raisins
1/2 inch of fresh ginger root
the zest and juice from 1 lemon
1 teaspoon cinnamon

Quarter and core the apples.  Steam the apples until they are soft enough to easily stab with a fork.  While they are cooking, grind the almonds in a food processor.  Once the apples are cooked, put them in a blender with the ginger root, lemon zest and juice, and cinnamon.  Add a bit of water if necessary.  Blend until smooth and creamy.  In a large mixing bowl combine the blended mixture with the ground almonds and raisins.
Optional:  I have also made this using pears instead of apples, and hazelnuts instead of almonds.  All were yummy.

I never liked turnips, but one day I decided to try them by mixing them with apples.  This recipe was the result, and it is now one of my favourite dishes.  I alter the consistency depending on my mood, so sometimes it is thick, and other times it is more soup-like (you'll notice I don't give a specific quantity of water in the recipe).  Serves 3-4

3-4 medium turnips
3-4 large apples
1 cup pecans or other nuts
water to desired consistency
4 tablespoons butter, ghee or coconut oil
1/2 inch fresh ginger root
honey to desired taste

Remove ends from turnips and slice into 1 cm thick pieces.  Steam until almost done.  Quarter and core apples and add them to th steamer.  Continue to steam for several more minutes until apples are beginning to soften.  Blend turnips, apples, 1/2 cup of water and remaining ingredients on high, until smooth and creamy.  Continue to add water until desired consistency is reached.  I usually begin with about 2 tablespoons of honey, and add more if needed.  Serve and top with pecans (my favourite) or other nuts.

These recipes can be made on a weekend, or the night before and stored in the fridge for several days.  Just reheat in the morning for a fast, comforting breakfast.  These are a great way to nourish yourself and your gut microbiome.  You'll all be happy.

Which recipe will you try?
Add the ingredients to your shopping list.

Happy, Healthy Eating (and staying warm)!




Wondering how to prepare for a traditional Christmas dinner while still supporting your gut?  Feeling a bit overwhelmed at the idea of a Paleo Christmas?

Don't worry.  It's much easier than you think.  Here are a few simple ideas to ensure you have a delicious, traditional meal that no one will even know is Paleo and gut-healthy.

Keep the Turkey and Ham
You won't need to change anything here.  Whether your traditional meal involves turkey or ham, you can keep it.  Look for pasture raised animals, and if you plan on ham, then make sure it is traditionally cured and doesn't contain nitrates. 

Add a Vegetable Gravy
Yum!  If you have never tried this, it's worth it.  Just puree chicken stock with well cooked vegetables.  Easy, delicious, and a super way to add vegetables to Christmas Dinner.  My favourite is a Cauliflower Gravy by The Paleo Mom

Replace Mashed Potatoes
There are a few different things that work well to replace mashed potatoes.  Mashed cauliflower is a classic Paleo replacement, but if you are already using the Cauliflower Gravy, then you'll likely want to try something else.  Mashed butternut squash or mashed kohlrabi are two of my favourites.  Cut these into cubes and steam them, or whole squash can be roasted instead.  Once cooked, add a full-fat canned coconut milk, or a nut milk and butter/ghee and mash or puree until you reach the desired consistency.  Season with a bit of Himalayan or sea salt.  

Stuffing looks a bit different when it's gut-healthy, but that doesn't mean flavour gets compromised.  There are so many different recipes out there, that I can't even choose one to recommend.  Do a search for paleo stuffing recipes to find one you like.  To make it gut-healthy replace sweet potato with squash, and if there is maple syrup, then use honey instead.  My mouth is watering just thinking about stuffing.  I've eaten stuffing on it's own as a meal, so go ahead and make extra.

Traditional Baking Reworked
I grew up with a German mom, and Christmas in our household revolved around traditional German baking.  Breakfast on Christmas day included stollen, which is a loaf that is full of nuts, dried fruit and candied citrus peel.  After Christmas dinner, a variety of 13 different kinds of cookies and 3 kinds of fruit bread were laid out.  While I have never been able to match the quantity of baking my mom accomplished (I have no idea how she did it), I have been able to convert my favourites into gut-healthy versions.  My stollen and fruit bread is made with almond flour, and I use date sugar or date paste instead of sugar, since honey burns easily and these two items take a long time to bake.  My favourite cookies have also been converted.

What is your favourite traditional dessert?  Do an online search by typing the name of your recipe and adding Paleo to your search title.  Chances are good you'll find something.  If not, you can experiment on your own.  That's what I did - I can't guarantee your success, but it has worked very well for me, and I get to have the flavours I associate with the holidays in a way that supports my gut-health.

Do you have a gut-healthy holiday favourite?
Which of these simple tips will you try this holiday season?

Happy, Healthy Holiday Eating!



Looking for a gift idea for that person in your life who is working hard to improve their health.  Or maybe you are that person, and would like to give your loved ones a few hints to help them make a gift choice that will support you towards wellness.


Eat Fat, Get Thin Cookbook - Bestselling author Mark Hyman M.D. follows his latest book Eat Fat, Get Thin with a cookbook.  Mark has coined the term Pegan diet (Paleo + Vegan), which refers to a diet that is high in plant foods, and where meat is viewed as a condiment rather than the main part of the meal.  His latest book obviously focuses on the health benefits of eating healthy fats, so if you are looking for ways to include those healthy fats into great recipes, then this book is for you.

Against All Grain Celebrations - Danielle Walker has come out with another cookbook where she chronologically lays out beautiful recipes for holidays throughout the year.  Menu plan ideas are included, and the recipes are visually stunning, making them a perfect way to celebrate special days.  She has also included a section for birthday celebrations.  If you enjoy time in the kitchen, making special meals, then this is a good choice.


Kombucha Starter Kit - Kombucha is all the rage right now.  It's tasty, effervescent, and teaming with beneficial organisms for your gut.  Kits are available to get you started and you'll need a scoby (symbiotic culture of bacteria and yeast).  You can order a scoby online, grow your own from a store-bought unflavoured kombucha or see if anyone you know has a scoby they can give you.  A starter kit can be a great gift for someone who is already a kombucha enthusiast, or for someone who likes experimenting in the kitchen.

Chocolate - In our home there is always a bit of chocolate in stockings and the kids still love checking the advent calendar each day until Christmas.  There aren't a lot of options when it comes to gut healthy chocolate, but Heavenly Organics has melt-in-your-mouth patties with a creamy honey-chocolate filling.  Individually wrapped, or in packages of 3, these make great stocking stuffers, or can be a treat for yourself and friends at social gatherings.  Check out Heavenly Organics.

Smooth-y-Golden Milk Spice Blend - This spice blend can be added to your favourite milk alternative and heated to create a hot drink that not only satisfies your taste buds, but the golden tumeric has many health properties, including soothing the gut.  It can be sweetened with honey, and makes a great drink for any cold, wintery day, or while enjoying time in front of the fireplace.  This blend is created by Spice Sanctuary.

Honey - Did you know there are hundreds of different honeys?  Types are categorized by their source, and their colour, flavour and aroma differ significantly.  Much of the honey on store shelves is clover honey.  Surprise someone with a bold, dark buckwheat honey, or a pale orange blossom honey.  Visit your local health food store or farmers market to find a variety of distinct, unpasteurized local honey.


Routine Deodorant - Maybe deodorant seems like an odd gift, but when you think of reducing a loved one's exposure to chemicals it makes sense.  Routine is made locally in Calgary and it does a fantastic job of reducing body odour without any of the crazy chemicals.  It comes in a variety of subtle scents for both men and women, as well as unscented (my favourite) and a couple of varieties for those with extra-sensitive skin.  It's sold in many locations throughout Calgary, and is a great stocking stuffer.

Hand Made Soaps - Many health food stores and farmer's markets sell a variety of hand-made soaps.  These come in a unique assortments of scents and are made with an assortment of natural ingredients.  It's nice to wash with soap that has an ingredient list that you could actually eat.  Another good stocking stuffer, or small gift idea.  

Hopefully these ideas will help you with your holiday gift giving, or inspire a few more ideas.

Happy Healthy Shopping and Giving!